Body Shapes and Diabetes Risk

Where do you carry your extra weight? The answer may have implications for your type 2 diabetes risk.

Did you actually know that being an apple shape (more fat around the abdomen) rather than a pear shape (more fat around the hips and thighs) puts you at a greater risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease?

In general, people who have fat depositions on their abdomen are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes. But while any overweight person is at an increased risk for diabetes, those who carry a lot of that extra weight over the belly are at particular risk.

Identifying Type 2 Diabetes Body Type

Experts believe that where one store excess fat may be genetically determined. And the body shapes determined by those fat deposits seem to predict the type 2 diabetes risk. It may be helpful to know the terms for the body shape categories:

Image result for Apple shape pear shape obesity

Apple: People whose fat accumulates around their waistline which appears like an apple are prone to diabetes. This body type is also called “android” and the fat collection is sometimes referred to as “central adiposity.” Scientists have discovered a relationship between ‘apple’-types and coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes, the form linked to obesity.

Unlike the fat that pads out pear-shapes, scientists say belly fat wraps around the vital organs of our body. It produces hormones and chemicals that tamper with cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels which are controlled by the insulin. As a result it raises the risk of a host of health problems including heart disease, diabetes and stroke.

Pear: This shape is particularly found in women. In women especially, fat is more deposited on the lower portion, hips and thighs. The good news is that this type of fat distribution is less likely than abdominal fat to lead to insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes. This is also called the “gynecoid” body shape or “gluteo-femoral” fat.

Overall: Some people collect fat everywhere at a fairly even rate. But because being overweight or obese, regardless of your body shape, increases type 2 diabetes risk over being normal weight, the fact that you don’t fall into either apple or pear shape doesn’t completely let you off the hook when it comes to preventing type 2 diabetes and other chronic health conditions.

Hence, when the fat deposits is more on the abdomen of the body, the receptors of the cell become more resistant to the effect of insulin which in turn can lead to type 2 Diabetes.

 

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